Recently I have been asked in different circles about the origin and meaning of the Eiffel Tower. We may not deny the interest in such a iron colossus dominating the Champ-de-Mars by the River Seine. Quintessential symbol of Paris and a source of both artistic and architectural discussions. What now I expose is my humble opinion and therefore you can accept it or not. Truth be told.
At mid-nineteenth century a number of personalities begin to focus on the architecture that looks to the future turning away the reigning historicism in the Western world. We could describe it as "Architecture of Engineers" and among its favorite items would be the use of iron as constructive element. Previously The Industrial Revolution of the late Eighteenth Century and the early Nineteenth Century transforms the use of building materials. New technologies allow the emergence of a new aesthetic and typologies in architecture.
Regarding the iron, metallurgical industry develops such that this metal is obteined in large amounts and higher quality and it allows its extensive use as in construction of bridges:
|Iron Bridge, River Severn, Shropshire, England|